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手把手教你如何选择美国大学
来源:默恩

      有些学生知道他们未来想要做什么,他们打算申请哪所大学,但对大多数学生而言,不知道自己想要学什么专业,也没有一个明确的计划和如何选择学校的过程。美国拥有超过4700所大学,找到一所合适自己的大学是一项艰巨的任务。这篇文章将为如何选择学校提供一些建议,并制定一些明确的计划。

      Some students already know what they want to do as a career and exactly which colleges & universities they plan to apply to, but most students have no idea what they want to study, nor do they have a clear plan and process for researching schools. With over 4700 degree-granting colleges and universities in the U.S., finding a school that is a good fit can be a daunting task. This article will provide tips and a clear plan on how to research schools.


Alan老师给出了4个建议

1

寻找感兴趣或适合自己个性的职业

Explore career areas that 

interest you or fit your personality

      我建议:第一步:是考虑你在大学里想要学习的专业。如果你能够清楚的了解自己感兴趣的学习领域,它将帮助你缩小可选择的范围,只需要在自己感兴趣的专业学校里面进行选择就可以。

The first step I recommend is to think about what area you potentially want to study in college. If you have a good idea of what you are interested in studying, it will help you narrow down the schools that specialize in that field.

      第二步:网上有一些网站,你可以通过这些网站了解更多关于自己个性的信息,以及了解其他拥有相似个性的人在从事哪些不同类型的工作,这些工作对于他们来说是否得心应手。BigFuture(远大前程)是由CollegeBoard(管理SAT报名的公司)运营的一个网站,他们有一个专门的板块来帮助你探索不同的专业,进行职业选择

There are websites online that you can use to learn more about your personality and what different jobs other people with similar personalities find enjoyable. BigFuture is a site run by CollegeBoard (the company that administers the SAT test) and they have a section dedicated to help you explore different majors and career options.

(这个版块的网址是:https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/explore-careers)

      第三步:你还应该和家人、导师、朋友以及在各行各业工作的成年人探讨一下潜在的职业选择。如果你对你自己导师的工作内容感兴趣的话,看看你是否能和他共度一天。你也可以做志愿者或者申请实习,体验在一个特定领域工作的感觉

You should also discuss potential career options with family members, mentors, friends, and other adults who work in different jobs. See if you can spend a day with a mentor whose job interests you. You may also volunteer or apply for an internship to experience what it’s like to actually work in a specific field.

2

列出在大学里对你重要的事情      

Make a list of things important to you

 in a College/University

      在选择学校时,虽然整体的国家排名肯定值得考虑,但是考虑一下学校的具体项目的排名是很重要的。例如,如果我确定我想要一份酒店业的职业(管理餐馆和酒店),我可以选择一所专门从事这一领域的学校,并且有一个可以为我提供大量实习机会的地方,通过实习获得真实的工作经验。我可以在著名的旅游景点附近选择学校,因为这些景点与当地的餐馆、酒店和度假村(如拉斯维加斯、迈阿密或其他主要的美国旅游胜地)建立了合作关系

      While overall national ranking is certainly something to consider, it is more important to consider the ranking of the school’s specific program that interests you. For example, if I am sure I want a career in hospitality (managing restaurants and hotels), I may choose a school that specializes in that field and is located in an area that can offer me plenty of internship opportunities for real-life work experience. I may research schools near famous tourist locations that have established partnerships with local restaurants, hotels, and resorts (such as Las Vegas, Miami, or other major American tourist areas).




以下是一些你在选择学校时可能想要考虑的事情



Here is a list of some things you may want to consider 

when you are researching schools



1) 该学校有你感兴趣的专业吗?他们在你感兴趣的领域有很强大的项目吗?他们是否与当地公司有合作关系,可以提供实习?

1) Does the school offer the major you are interested in? Do they have a strong program in your interested career field? Do they have partnerships with local companies and internship opportunities?

2) 你想去一个大型的,中等的还是小型的学校?学校的规模不等,小的学校学生数量少于2000人,大型学校有超过3万的学生。

2) Do you want to go to a large, medium, or small school? Schools can range in size from under 2000 students to over 30,000 students.

3) 考虑学校的位置——你喜欢在城市(城市),在城市外(郊区),还是在一个更偏僻的地方(农村)?这所学校离国际机场有多远? 一年到头的天气是怎样的?

3) Think about the location of the school – do you like being in the city (urban), right outside the city (suburbs), or in a more isolated location (rural)? How close is the school to an international airport? What is the weather like all year long? 

4) 学校的人口分布统计——你想去一所有中国学生占比较大的学校吗?国际学生的比例是多少? 你想去一个更加多元化的学校吗?

4) Demographics of the school – do you want to go to a school with more Chinese students, or less? What percentage of the student population are international students? Do you want to go to a more diverse school?

5) 学生服务——学校为国际学生提供什么支持服务?学校能给你多少个人关注?教授与学生的比例是多少?

5) Student Services – what support services does the school offer for international students? How much personal attention can the school give you? What is the professor-to-student ratio?

6) 业余活动和社交生活——学校向学生提供哪些学生活动?他们有很多俱乐部或体育运动吗?在校外有好玩的活动和活动吗?校园内外的社会场景怎么样呀?

6) Extracurriculars and Social Life – what student activities and events does the school offer to students? Do they have many clubs or intramural sports? Are there fun activities and things to do outside of the school campus? What is the social scene like on and off campus?

7) 居住环境——目前的情况是,许多学校要求学生至少在前两个学年住在宿舍里。其他学校根本就不提供宿舍,要求你自己找房子

7) What is the Living Situation Like – many schools require students to live on-campus in dorms for at least the first two years. Other schools don’t have dorms at all and require you to find your own housing.

8) 学费考虑——私立学校通常比公立公立学校贵。从一所学校到另一所学校的一般学费(包括学费、住宿费和其他生活费)可以从每年4万美元到8万美元不等。

8) Financial Consideration –private schools are generally more expensive than public state schools. The general tuition (including fees, room & board, and other living expenses) from one school to another can range anywhere from under $40,000/year to over $80,000/year.

9) 学校申请要求——学校是否需要托福或SAT/ACT成绩?如果需要的话,你能达到要求吗?你的高中成绩和考试成绩有资格申请吗?学校是否还需要其他的申请材料,如作品集(申请艺术院校),试镜(音乐或戏剧学校),或需要面对面面试还是在线面试?

9) School Application Requirements – Does the school require a TOEFL or SAT/ACT? If so, can you attain the required scores? Do your high school grades and exam scores qualify you to apply? Does the school require other application materials, such as a portfolio (for art schools), an audition (for music or theater schools), or in-person/online interviews?

3

列出你感兴趣的潜在大学名单

Develop list of potential colleges & 

universities you are interested in

      在你考虑了以上所有因素之后,这里有一些在线资源可以帮助你选择学校。你可以把你考虑过的因素输入到这些大学的搜索网站中,他们会列出一份适合你的学校名单。这些网站还允许你对比不同学校之间的数据:

      After you’ve considered all the factors above, here are some online resources to help you search for schools. You can input the information you’ve considered above into these college search sites and they will produce a list of schools that may be a good fit. These sites also allow you to compare data between different schools:

1. BigFuture (远大前程)

https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/college-search

2. College View (大学视角)

http://www.collegeview.com/collegesearch/index.jsp?crit=14

3. College Navigator (大学导航)

https://nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator/

4. College Data(大学数据)

 http://www.collegedata.com/cs/search/college/college_search_tmpl.jhtml

      一旦你列出了一份潜在兴趣的学校名单,你就应该去大学的主页了解一下国际本科学生的具体申请要求。我建议你列出大约10所学校的名单。清单应包括3 - 4所申请困难较大的“学校(学校将很难通过你的等级和考试成绩,但你自己想试试), 4 - 5所“目标”学校(学校认可你的学术成绩,你想要加入该学校),和2 - 3所“安全”学校(学校你能胜任和能够收到录取通知书)

      Once you’ve developed a list of potential schools, you should visit the college/university’s homepage to find out the specific application requirements for undergraduate international students. I recommend you come up with a list of approximately 10 schools. Your list should include 3-4 “reach” schools (schools that will be difficult to be accepted to with your grades and exam scores, but you’d like to try), 4-5 “target” schools (schools that fit your academic grades and that you hope to attend), and 2-3 “safety” schools (schools that you are qualified for and should receive an offer).

4

细化学校名单,增加针对性研究  

Refine list of schools with

 additional targeted research

      我经常建议学生去参观学校。尽管许多学生在被录取后才选择去学校,但参加学校的官方活动可能会增加你被录取的机会。大多数大学都有学生参加校园游的记录——招生办公室认为学校参观能够表现出对该学校兴趣。这意味着你已经向学校展示了你是一个认真的候选人,如果有机会,你尽可能去参观学校。

      I always recommend students visit the schools. Although many students prefer to visit schools after they’ve been accepted, participating in the school’s official tour may possibly increase your chance of being accepted. Most colleges and universities keep a record of students that take their campus tours – admission offices consider school visits as a form of “demonstrated interest.” This means that you’ve shown the school you are a serious candidate and may be more likely to attend the school if given an offer.

      如果不可能亲自参观学校,许多学校网站都有“虚拟旅游”,在那里,你可以像自己亲身在校园内一样积极活动。对于没有这一功能的学校来说,有一些其他网站专门为成千上万的美国高校提供这样虚拟的旅游服务,这里有两个网址:

      If it is not possible to visit the school, many school websites have “virtual tours,” where you can interactively move around campus like you are there. For schools without this feature on their own website, there are other websites dedicated to providing virtual tours of thousands of U.S. colleges and universities – here are two:

1.)校园之旅: https://www.campustours.com/

2.)数字化校园之旅: http://www.ecampustours.com/

      选择大学是进入大学前一个重大的人生决定。重要的是,你要花时间去思考和理解你最终计划选择的学校的方方面面。通过花额外的时间和精力来研究你申请的学校,在面对众多大学录取通知书时,你会发现自己能够做出更明智和自信的决定。

Making the final choice of enrolling at a college/university is a major life decision. It is important that you take the time to think about and understand all aspects of the school you ultimately plan on attending. By spending extra time and doing diligent research on the schools you apply to, you will also be able to make a much more informed and confident decision if you find yourself having to choose among multiple university offers.



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